Diabetes (lat. Diabetes mellitus) is a chronic disease seen as a elevated blood sugar level and metabolic disorders of carbs, excess fat and proteins. Diabetes can be due to two reasons: when the pancreas stops completely or partially to produce hormone insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or when the insulin is not effective in the body (Type 2 diabetes).
Type 1 diabetes (formerly called insulin dependent type) occurs in 10% of sufferers, frequently in kids and children. The etiology of the disease continues to be unclear. It really is believed that kind of diabetes takes place due to an autoimmune devastation of insulin-producing beta cellular material within the pancreas (p ancreatic islets, also known as islets of Langerhans – small clusters of cellular material scattered throughout the pancreas ). The disease has a sudden start with the appearance of symptoms such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, constant food cravings, pronounced fatigue and lack of energy.