Sports and Dental Health – The Importance of Mouthguards

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Professional or recreational sports is usually seen as a contribution to maintaining the health of the individual. Although this attitude, in theory, is usually accurate and understandable, and because the practice of sport has multiple positive effects on our body and wellness, sports activities, specifically those professional, tend to be associated with many sports accidents. Additionally, to attain better results sportsmen often modify consuming patterns, that may likewise have short-term and long-term wellness effects.

Playing sports activities can also impact on teeth’s health. Although, a minimum of statistically speaking, the activity has a a lot more positive than unwanted effects on health and wellness. However when speaking individually for the teeth’s health, these effects generally have harmful nature as they are usually connected with sports accidental injuries of orofacial system and changes in the dental tissues caused by specific eating patterns characteristic for sportsmen. Luckily, many accidental injuries and adverse effects can be properly prevented and/or minimized. Part of dentistry that deals with the study and prevention of harmful effects of sport on oral health is called the sports dentistry. The importance of sports dentistry in preserving oral health is growing in accordance with the growing recognition of the sport in a given society.

In which sports the chance of mouth accidents is the foremost?

The biggest number of sports activities injuries in teeth system takes place in person or team sports activities where close physical get in touch with exists with an opposition and/or an object that’s used in the overall game (hockey stay, puck, ball, etc.) leading to uncontrolled force power in adjustable directions. For this reason, the most dangerous sports include hockey (snow and grass), football, boxing and others similar. In sports such as inline skating, mountain biking or skateboarding, there is a high risk of injury of orofacial constructions during falls and bumps on land. In 1990. World Dental Federation (FDI) has classified all sports in regard to frequency and severity of orofacial injuries into:

  • Sports with a high risk of orofacial injuries: boxing, football, American football, hockey (ice and grass), fighting techinques, rugby, snow skating and paragliding.
  • Sports activities with medium threat of orofacial accidental injuries: golf ball, diving, gymnastics, horseback riding, squash courts, drinking water polo, handball, cricket, football and parachuting.

The chance of damage during sports activities, and specifically in types with recreational character, expands in untrained people who have poor physical condition. Sports injuries of the oral cavity are fairly common in children and young people, slightly more often in boys than in girls. The incidence of sports injuries in oral cavity differs between men and women. According to Cohence and colleagues research in the group of team sports for males the occurrence of oral accidental injuries in basketball is definitely 10.6 percent, 2.0 percent in football and in baseball 0.5 percent. In ladies, the injuries happen in golf ball in 5.0 percent of cases, in volleyball 0.7 percent and water polo 0.3 percent.

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Sports accidental injuries of the oral system

Sports accidental injuries of the mouth area and dental program affect the smooth and hard dental tissues. Whenever we talk about smooth tissue injuries, generally refers to the injury of the lips, cheeks and tongue. These tissues get hurt because they are on the direct path of the force and cover the hard oral tissues – teeth and jaw bone that force stop the force and partially absorb it. The teeth, jaw bones and facial bones injuries may be characterized as trauma, fractures and teeth ejections.

Dental trauma include simple fractures of dental crown (when there is no opening of the pulp chamber), complex fractures of the crown of the tooth (pulp chamber is usually opened), teeth subluxations, fractures of the crown and root of the tooth, main canal fractures, dislocations of the teeth as well as the outbreak of the entire teeth from the bone tissue.

The most frequent sports injury from the oral cavity can be teeth crown fracture, making 79 percent of most teeth accidents or 14 percent of most oral trauma due to sports.

Probably the most complicated injury can be or avulsion from the teeth. Teeth avulsion makes 21 percent of most teeth accidents or ten percent ejection of the complete teeth of all mouth trauma due to sports.

Jaw bone tissue and face bones trauma include primarily crushing of bones, fractures of the jaw and temporomandibular joint and facial bones (the lower edge of the orbit, etc.).

Sports nutrition and oral health

To achieve the best results sportsman often change their diet. In the modern sport, special sports nutrition has become a necessity because it helps the increase of muscle mass and compensate nutrients while preserving and improving health. Every sports activity depletes the body which then needs additional quantities of proteins, vitamins, minerals, proteins, creatine, carbohydrates as well as other products. Sports diet and products exist in a variety of forms: powders, tablets, tablets and water.

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sports The influence of sports diet on teeth’s health could be manifested in two methods: as an elevated incidence of teeth caries and/or improved frequency of teeth erosion. For instance, increased consumption of carbohydrates, specifically refined ones that are easy to stick to the teeth surface and hard to remove (like energy bars), increases the risk of dental caries. Also some sports supplements can lead to a reduced secretion of saliva, which reduces the mechanical rinsing of oral cavity and the removal of food debris and bacteria from the tooth surface, which then creates a predisposition for caries development.

health A number of sports drinks, which are commonly acidic and have low pH values, with long-term and frequent consumption can lead to excessive wear of hard dental tissue (enamel) and erosion of teeth. For those teeth enamel becomes extremely thin and quickly consumed. Due to the loss of teeth enamel and dentin direct exposure, teeth may become extremely delicate to thermal and chemical substance stimulants. In addition to the consumption of drinks, the chance of oral erosion also is available in professional swimmers who often swim within the pools which contain chlorine.

The injury has occurred, what to do?

When the mouth injury happens, it is necessary to react assembled and without panic. Proper and timely treatment can prevent many adverse consequences. It is best that each injury be processed as quickly as possible by a dentist.

Ejection of the entire tooth is the most dramatic and the most complex oral injury, which is considered as an emergency dental situation and it is necessary to visit the dentist as soon as possible!

In addition, the rehabilitation of avulsed teeth can be quite time consuming, costly with uncertain end result, so it ought to be contacted very seriously. Based on Emerich and his affiliates, you can find six simple guidelines that needs to be applied in case of teeth ejection:

  1. Look for a tooth that is knocked out at the earliest opportunity,
  2. The knocked out teeth should be keep merely to his crown (white-colored area of the teeth),
  3. At the earliest opportunity return the teeth in its slot machine in the mouth, the adjacent teeth can serve as orientation points (before that this tooth should not be rubbed or cleaned, perhaps it can be carefully rinsed with dairy, saline dilution or saliva),
  4. Tighten all the loose the teeth (eg. with light weight aluminum foil),
  5. When the tooth cannot go back in to the slot, it ought to be instantly plunged entirely right into a damp environment (dish with dairy, saline dilution or saliva) or covered in moistened handkerchief. If the problem enables, knocked out teeth can be devote patient’s mouth area and held between lower molars and cheek (affected person should be very careful not to swallow or inhale the tooth),
  6. Visit the dentist as soon as possible.
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How to prevent sports injuries of the mouth

Protruded top tooth and their lack of coverage with lips can be a predisposition to tooth trauma caused by sports. It was found that the sports-induced tooth injuries are more often in children with incisor overbite higher than 7 millimeters, which is particularly present if there is also an insufficient lip protection that normally protects top of the front the teeth from the immediate action of drive.

Therefore, an early on orthodontic treatment in kids with protruding incisors is recognized as effective method of preventing later sports activities dental injury.

healthThe teeth and other oral cavity tissues can be effectively protected from sports injuries by application of specially designed mouth protectors. They significantly reduce the inc > mouthguards turns into mandatory for any contact sports in america and Canada. Before applying the safeguard, frequency of mouth area and face accidents was 50 percent, and after the introduction of the guard was only 1 1.5 percent. Sports mouth protectors can be extraoral and intraoral, depending on the sport in question.

When we talk about intraoral mouthguards, there are finished (commercial) protectors which can be found in sporting goods stores and on-line, and (semi) individual guards which are made in a dentist office relating the position and placement of teeth within the oral cavity. Even though commercial offers more acceptable cost, they less drive back damage from (semi) person.


Contemporary dentistry shouldn’t only cope with the avoidance and treatment of oral caries and its own outcomes, periodontal disease and oral cancer, but it should also be involved in the prevention of mouth injuries. Such a preventive approach implies adequate dental education, orthodontic treatment for kids having a predisposition for dental injury and usage of safety equipment connected sports activities. Education should concentrate on avoiding injuries and the correct and timely actions in case there is injury, and it will include athletes, teenagers, kids and their parents, instructors and educators, sports activities instructors, doctors, nurses and normally dental practitioners themselves.

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