Understanding the Materials Used in Dentistry

Desk of Contents

Most of us have been there before: we are sitting in the dentist’s chair, the bright light is in our eyes, and we have no idea what the heck our dentist is usually talking about. Amalgam, Ionomer, composites-it can be confusing and intimidating to some people. Below are a few descriptions of some of the most commonly used materials in dentistry. Knowledge is usually power, and knowing what these items are will the same a less intimidating dental visit.

Materials used in Dentistry


More commonly referred to as “filling,” amalgam is a sealant used to fill cavities in teeth. It is comprised of small particles of silver, tin, and copper allied with mercury. For many years, this material was the first choice for many dentists due to its longevity and ease of use. The largest flaw in amalgam is the use of mercury. While in a stable form, the mercury can present issues down the road. The aesthetic seem also helps it be a less well-known option.


This more visually pleasing filling ‘s been around for some time, but latest leaps forward within the makeup from the amalgamated have managed to get the very first choice for most dentists. The biggest recent advancements are centered on pulp security and a far more adhesive power. Composites are accustomed to seal crowns and bridges as well.

Glass Ionomer

This material is primarily used for temporary teeth fillings and also for filling of deciduous teeth. It is not as strong as other materials, which makes it a good fit for temporary sealing of caries and also as cement to keep brackets in place when getting braces.

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For dentistry, gold is an ideal material because it is usually harmless in the mouth but also has a precision and rigid quality. It is primarily used for posterior reconstructions. While grey gold is often used since it blends better, some prefer the bright look of gold as a replacement tooth.


Ceramics are the material of choice for fixed prosthetics, like crowns and bridges, since it offers a vast variety of aesthetic possibilities. While its only drawback is that it is extremely hard and can fracture, the buffed and smoothed ceramic most resembles a natural tooth.


Primarily used for the clasps and framework of removable prosthetics. Its strength helps make sure the appliances stay in place properly, but the metal itself is not the best for implant technology.


Due to its antiallergic quality and its biocompatibility, it is the go-to material for dental care implants. For rare metal allergies in patients, it can also be used for removable prosthetics.

Acrylic Resin

This material is primarily used to help make the artificial gums of dentures. One’s teeth are adversely manufactured from ceramics or of the same acrylic resin materials.


Because of the biologic compatibility of Zirconium, they have often been utilized within the last 20 years. They have primarily been found in the construction of set prosthetics. Because of the advanced technology necessary, it could be expensive. It isn’t suggested as an implant because of poor outcomes of previous techniques.

Teeth Bleaching Components

The most frequent materials utilized are carbamide peroxide gels and derivatives of hydrogen peroxide. With regards to the nature from the discoloration and exactly how it needs to become whitened, the precise material utilized will be driven. There can also be micro-abrasion gels utilized that are mainly manufactured from phosphoric acidity.

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Bone Filling up Materials

The task of bone tissue grafting has gradually evolved over time. The grafts performed now work with a microporous ceramic that’s biocompatible and perfect for this make use of.

Endodontic Components

This identifies items useful for the remedies performed to the teeth’s root base. Certain components, like calcium mineral hydroxide, are designed to extend the vitality of the roots, if possible. If the tooth is not likely to survive, the pulp chamber and underlying canals are disinfected and cleared out. Disinfectants like corticoids work to sterilize the area and an inert compound like gutta-percha is used to seal the canal.

Porcelain/Porcelain Fused to Metallic

Porcelain is a preferred material for use in dental care fillings and for dental care crowns., bridges and veneers. It is strong, lightweight and able to blend in with the natural tooth’s color inside a seamless way. For crowns, the porcelain is usually fused to the metallic with the porcelain comprising the outer coating and the metallic beneath. This method is long lasting, but can be more costly and makes the gums a little more susceptible to gum disease.

Impression Components

Teeth Impressions are detrimental imprints of one’s teeth that are useful for many reasons, such as for example creating dentures, crowns and restorative dentistry devices. The impression components are categorized by their rigidity and elasticity and will be utilized for different applications with regards to the require. Primary materials utilized consist of: Sodium alginate, polyether and silicones, while historically plaster of paris, france, zinc oxide eugenol and agar have already been used.

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This post has been compiled by Village Family Dental practitioner

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